Australia!

G’day Team 5!

This week we are going to be learning all about the country of Australia.

In your ICT lesson, I would like you to find out as much information about the animals that live in Australia as you can.

You can do this by clicking on this link: http://australian-animals.net/

click for info on pic 

I can’t wait to read the information that you find!

 

45 thoughts on “Australia!

  1. millie mae

    The name koala, comes from the Aboriginal saying that means “no drink”. The Koala obtains enough moisture from the eucalypt leaves that it lives on

    Reply
  2. Reynaldo

    flying fox are like a bat,which in turn type of mammal.when they were baby’s they got fed milk.fling fox are like a mega bat.

    Reply
  3. missmarsden Post author

    The weight of a red kangaroo ranges from 18kg up to 90 kilograms. Males are larger than females usually 65 kg Females rarely exceed 30 kg

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  4. talia and ufumwen

    The Koala prefers to move around neither in daylight or night, but rather just after sunset.
    Usually daytimes are spent asleep in the fork of a tree, as 80% of its time is spent sleeping For a couple of hours after sunset it will move around quiet a bit feeding and can often be heard “barking” aggressively at other koalas.
    It does though at times feed at night and during the day. Koalas are solitary animals having its own specific home range.

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  5. libbie

    Koalas are found in South Eastern Australia and has been described as an “ash coloured pouched bear”. But they are not a bear they are a mammal ( meaning they feed their young on Milk) click for info on pic and are a Marsupial (meaning they carry their developing young mostly in a pouch) The name koala, comes from the Aboriginal saying that means “no drink”. The Koala obtains enough moisture from the eucalypt leaves that it lives on

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  6. millie mae

    Home Page Koala description
    KOALA
    Koalas are found in South Eastern Australia and has been described as an “ash coloured pouched bear”. But they are not a bear they are a mammal ( meaning they feed their young on Milk) click for info on pic and are a Marsupial (meaning they carry their developing young mostly in a pouch) The name koala, comes from the Aboriginal saying that means “no drink”. The Koala obtains enough moisture from the eucalypt leaves that it lives on

    Reply
  7. Reynaldo

    Flying Foxes are a type of Bat, which in turn is a type of mammal.
    (Mammals being animals that feed their young on milk)
    Bats are the only mammal that truly flies.
    Flying foxes are a type of “mega-bat” (Megachiroptera) that live on fruit and nectar and navigate by sight and smell, not “radar” like “Micro-bats”, and there are 7 species of flying foxes in Austra

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  8. courtney

    The worlds largest reptile the “Salty” has a broad “stubby” snout with cone shaped teeth. Its average length is 4 meters but males 6 to 7 meters have been reported. Saltwater Crocs have rows of bony scales on their neck and back There colouring is mainly greyish brown with brown and yellow sides. Their rear feet are webbed to aid with swimming. It is thought that they live up to 70 to 100 years Their clear eyelids enable them to see underwater.

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  9. Reynaldo

    What makes this species easily identifiable is their grey head (fox-like, hence their name) with reddish (rusty brown) coloured fur around their neck.
    click for info on pic They are also the only species of flying fox in Australia with fur on their legs down to their toes
    Dark fur covers their body which is around 25cm long and their leathery wingspan can be up to 1 meter. The weight of this flying fox can range from 600gm to 1kg One of the reasons flying foxes hang upside down is their leg muscles are not very strong, so does not support their body weight easily when standing upright.
    Bat wings and flying fox wings are made up of a two-layered, almost see through able flap of skin stretched between the lightweight bones of the hindlimb, forelimb and tail.

    Reply
  10. riley

    BILBY Home Page
    There is acutally 2 types of Bilbys in Australia
    Western Bilby
    (Macrotis lagotis lagotis)
    Eastern Bilby
    (Macrotis lagotis sagitta)
    They are a type of Bandicoot (a marsupial), and sometimes are referred to as a “rabbit-eared Bandicoot”, “Dalgyte”, “Pinkie”,

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  11. talia and ufumwen

    There are 3 types:
    – Black Back
    – White Back
    – Western (which normally have mottled backs)
    Western are found in the Southern regions of the state of West Australia Black back and white back are found in the rest of Australia, the White Back to the North, the Black Back to the South. Interbreeding has made location lines very indistinct, with the Australian Magpie being one of Australias most common birds This is because it needs open ground to feed, some trees to roost in, and this describes a lot of Australias agriculture regions and urban landscapes

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  12. Reynaldo

    The grey-headed flying fox is listed as Vulnerable under the Commonwealth’s Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act (1999). Loss of feeding and roosting areas due to forest clearing, commercial, agriculture and housing estates are of major concern to this animal, both for food and housing. Due to this they are sometimes forced to feed off “Orchard fruits” and are then seen as pests by farmers and killed. As stated under “feeding”, the transporting of seeds and pollen etc (from parent tree to many kilometres away) and dispersal over a wide region means flying foxes play a vital part in the diversity of our forests and wild flowers and forest regeneration. Grey-headed flying foxes feed on flowers and fruit.
    Thanks to Clancy Hall for this pic Though sometimes referred to as “fruit bats” flying foxes mainly eat nectar and pollen, especially from native trees and shrubs such as Gum (Eucalypt blossom), banksias, native figs, ti-trees, native fruits, and also orchard fruit if necessary.
    To eat the flying fox uses it strong teeth to crush the pollen, flowers and fruit, (but spit out fruit seeds) Flying foxes will do a lot of moving around to find these seasonal food sources, and often fly over 50 kms in one night to feed and then returning to their camp. When food in that region becomes scarce they will move camp to a new food source, and in this way they are considered “Nomadic”
    Click for info on pic The transporting of seeds and pollen etc (from parent tree to many kilometres away) and dispersal over a wide region means flying foxes play a vital part in the diversity of our forests and wild flowers and forest regeneration.

    Reply
  13. millie mae

    BREEDING
    Dolphins can live over 30 years (up to 50 years has been recorded)
    They start to breed around the age of 10
    Bottlenose dolphins can breed at any time of the year.
    A female is pregnant for a year, the calf is then born in the water, the young then suckles for about 1 1/2 years and the young stays with the mother for a further 4 years
    At birth the calf can be anything from 0.7 meter to 1.3 in length and up to 30 kg

    Reply
  14. talia and ufumwen

    The Great White Shark or sometimes called the “Great White” scientific name is Carcharodon carcharias. There are over 600 species of Sharks and rays with the GWS (Great White Shark) belonging to a group of fast-swimming sharks called mackerel sharks GWS are usually solitary animals but have been seen in pairs and even occasionally in groups up to 7 or 8

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  15. libbie

    The bottlenose dolphin can look very different depending upon where it is seen around the world.
    Anatomy of Dolphin Also inshore dolphins can appear different to the larger “offshore” bottlenose dolphins
    The size of the average bottlenose dolphin is 2.5 to 3 meters Males are a little longer than females.
    Their average weight is around 200 kg but large males can grow up to 650 kg
    These sleek streamlined dolphins general colour is dark – medium grey on their backs fading to a light grey, white on the belly and on their bottom jaw
    So when looking from above the dark colours blend in with the sea floor or dark deeper water, and when viewed from below the lighter colour blends in with the sky or lighter coloured surface water.
    Bottlenose dolphins look like they are smiling, and there is a “sharp” crease between their snout and the top of their head, as well as other lines around the face region (see picture)
    They have a single blow hole at the top of their head.

    Reply
  16. Reynaldo

    The thorny devil is not an aggressive reptile. It prefers defense and has various ways of doing this:-
    1) The ability to change colour to match the soil beneath it
    2) They take refuge in small shrubs upon the approach of a potential predator
    3) When frightened, it tucks its head between its front legs which shows a false head or knob on its neck in the place where its normal head would be
    4) If a predator attempts to flip it over it resists by applying counter pressure to the ground on the other side with its spines and its curved tail
    5) Jerky movement may imitate a leaf, and it often “freezes” in mid stride
    6) The ability to puff themselves up to make them appear larger

    Their main predators are man (0riginally just Aborigines) and bustards (bird) Mating and laying of eggs occurs between September and January with between 3 to 10 eggs being laid underground. 3 to 4 months later the eggs hatch. Thorny Devils reach maturity after 3 years and are believed to have a lifespan of up to 20 years

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  17. maisie

    The worlds largest reptile the “Salty” has a broad “stubby” snout with cone shaped teeth. Its average length is 4 meters but males 6 to 7 meters have been reported. Saltwater Crocs have rows of bony scales on their neck and back There colouring is mainly greyish brown with brown and yellow sides. Their rear feet are webbed to aid with swimming. It is thought that they live up to 70 to 100 years Their clear eyelids enable them to see underwater.

    Reply
  18. talia and ufumwen

    They are a tropical rays, related to sharks,
    and are found in Australian estuaries (ie river mouths where the saltwater mixes with fresh) and freshwater rivers/creeks.

    Reply
  19. libbie

    The red kangaroo is Australia’s largest kangaroo of the nearly 60 species in the kangaroo family It is the Kangaroo which dwells in our “Red Center” the arid portion of Australia. They normally move in groups ranging from a few dozen to several hundred individuals. and are known as Mobs . The makeup of the red kangaroo Mob varies but usually consists of a dominant male, a number of adult females, and juveniles of both sexes.

    Reply
  20. millie mae

    The bottlenose dolphin can look very different depending upon where it is seen around the world.
    Anatomy of Dolphin Also inshore dolphins can appear different to the larger “offshore” bottlenose dolphins
    The size of the average bottlenose dolphin is 2.5 to 3 meters Males are a little longer than females.
    Their average weight is around 200 kg but large males can grow up to 650 kg
    These sleek streamlined dolphins general colour is dark – medium grey on their backs fading to a light*) Not all Red Kangaroos are RED !!!
    There are distinct regional differences in the colouring of the red kangaroo In the eastern part of its range males are usually red (pale red to brick red)and females a bluish grey, elsewhere, both sexes may be reddish/brown

    *) The weight of a red kangaroo ranges from 18kg up to 90 kilograms. Males are larger than females usually 65 kg Females rarely exceed 30 kg
    *) Height ranges from 74-140cm two metres The tail of a red kangaroo (used for jumping) ranges in length from 64cm to 1 meter Lifespan in the wild is thought to be around 15 years
    *) The Red Kangaroo has a naked muzzle (as does the Wallaroo).
    They have a black and white mark on the sides of the muzzle and a broad white stripe from the corner of mouth to base of ear
    *) The body posture of Red Kangaroos is upright except when feeding.
    *) Their fur is velvety to the touch.
    *) The front limbs of a red kangaroo are small and short with heavily-clawed digits. The hind feet are lengthened (see the picture to the Left)and powerful enabling
    the Red Kangaroo to travel at speeds as fast as 65kph (40mph).

    grey, white on the belly and on their bottom jaw
    So when looking from above the dark colours blend in with the sea floor or dark deeper water, and when viewed from below the lighter colour blends in with the sky or lighter coloured surface water.
    Bottlenose dolphins look like they are smiling, and there is a “sharp” crease between their snout and the top of their head, as well as other lines around the face region (see picture)
    They have a single blow hole at the top of their head.

    Reply
  21. riley

    DESCRIPTION
    They have a flattened body with a prominent long flat “toothy” snout
    Hence they are sometimes referred to as “Sharks with Swords”
    Its shark-like tail propels it through the water with graceful undulations, and the flattened body and head indicates a bottom dwelling fish.
    The sharp awl-like teeth are not true teeth at all; they are really modified scales, but the jaws are lined with a pavement of thousands of tiny dome-shaped teeth.

    Reply
  22. Reynaldo

    These small penguins (16 inches) have a bluish colour to their upper feathers, and white underbelly , chin and neck and no ornamental plumage on the head at all. There weight is around the 1kg mark
    Like most penguins their bodies are best described as short and stocky to “chubby”. The Little Penguins short stiff feathers are kept waterproof by preening from oil glands located at the base of the tail Little penguins do molt though so their feathers are not always oily smooth.
    Penguins are only found in the Southern Hemisphere and the Little Blue (or Fairy Penguin) are found along the shores of Southern Australia and New Zealand (see map)
    Australian Location Their scientific name is “Eudyptula minor”, Eudyptula being Greek for “good little diver, which is a great description for this smallest species of penguin Little penguins spend their days out at sea in groups, referred to as rafts and at dusk they return to their burrows or rock crevice colonies, in small groups Whilst on land they are very noisy especially before their pre dawn departure back to sea to feed.
    makes their nest in either burrows or rock crevices lining the nest with plant material
    Females arriving at the breeding colonies are meet by noisy male courting displays
    June through to August is the peak egg laying time on Australia’s shores, with 1or 2 or even sometimes 3 broods (Clutches) being raised (depending on food availability)
    2 eggs are laid at a time and take 36 days to hatch. Both male and female Little Penguins incubate the eggs
    The first 3 weeks the chicks are attended to constantly with the following 5 weeks being visited only to be fed regurgitated fish from either of its parents.
    The little penguins are then forced from their nest and naturally know how to swim so they start to fend for themselves
    The average life-span is said to be seven years, and many Little Penguins usually mate for life (4 out of 5.)
    Each year they will return to the same burrow and “renovate” it, if it is not to badly damaged

    Reply
  23. talia and ufumwen

    These small penguins (16 inches) have a bluish colour to their upper feathers, and white underbelly , chin and neck and no ornamental plumage on the head at all. There weight is around the 1kg mark
    Like most penguins their bodies are best described as short and stocky to “chubby”. The Little Penguins short stiff feathers are kept waterproof by preening from oil glands located at the base of the tail Little penguins do molt though so their feathers are not always oily smooth

    Reply
  24. marc

    Parts of a Sawfish – link to (Sharks with Swords website)
    As with other rays, the mouth, Nares (nostrils), & gill slits are located on the flat undersurface.
    Colour wise they differ depending on species and location but the upper surface is dark to blend in with the muddy seafloor; the underside is white, to blend in with the water surface when seen from below. Underside of a Sawfish – Link to (Sharks with Swords website)
    Females give birth to live young which have a “soft” saw
    Sawfishes eat only small fish and bottom-dwelling invertebrates, like crabs and shrimps, which can be crushed and swallow

    Reply
  25. libbie

    The GWS swiftly attacks its prey from below taking a bite and letting the victim bleed to death. To locate its prey the GWS uses its very excellent sense of smell (especially of blood) and an ability to sense “electrical charges” given off by muscle movements.
    They sense these by their ampullae of Lorenzi, located in the pores around their snout. These are small tubes that pick up the information, and then send it to the brain.

    SWIMMING
    These sharks use their tails to push them through the water and their fins to keep themselves balanced. They must constantly swim or else they will sink. The reason they would sink is, unlike bony fish (osteichthes), they do not have a swim bladder which holds air. The swim bladder in the bony fish can be controlled by valves. When the want to get more air in they open a certain valve, so they can rise. If they want to go lower in the water, they open another valve to let the air out. The air lets them float. The sharks do not have these, which is why they must keep swimming or they sink.

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  26. Reynaldo

    eir are many threats to the survival of these penguins both natural and man made
    Predators at sea such as Sharks, seals (Lion Leopard, Fur), Killer whales,
    Predators on land such as Sea Eagles and large Gulls,
    Introduced species such as foxes dogs and feral cats and nest predators like rats, snakes and lizards
    Starvation as they are dependant on other species (especially small fish) to feed on
    Man made problems of pollution, oil spills, plastic, road kills, gill net fishing and loss of breeding habitat 🙂

    Reply
  27. callum

    The GWS swiftly attacks its prey from below taking a bite and letting the victim bleed to death. To locate its prey the GWS uses its very excellent sense of smell (especially of blood) and an ability to sense “electrical charges” given off by muscle movements.
    They sense these by their ampullae of Lorenzi, located in the pores around their snout. These are small tubes that pick up the information, and then send it to the brain.

    SWIMMING
    These sharks use their tails to push them through the water and their fins to keep themselves balanced. They must constantly swim or else they will sink. The reason they would sink is, unlike bony fish (osteichthes), they do not have a swim bladder which holds air. The swim bladder in the bony fish can be controlled by valves. When the want to get more air in they open a certain valve, so they can rise. If they want to go lower in the water, they open another valve to let the air out. The air lets them float. The sharks do not have these, which is why they must keep swimming or they sink.
    And ther is 600 sharks.

    Reply
  28. corey

    Not all Red Kangaroos are RED !!!
    There are distinct regional differences in the colouring of the red kangaroo In the eastern part of its range males are usually red (pale red to brick red)and females a bluish grey, elsewhere, both sexes may be reddish/brown

    Reply
  29. courtney

    This most striking coloured and noisy bird is one of 328 species of parrots found and 1 of 21 subspecies of Lorikeets found over the south west Pacific. Its scientific name is Trichoglossus haematodus

    Reply
  30. Reynaldo

    Sea dragons are not sea horses
    Sea dragons are found in Australian waters and belong to the same family as sea horses but differ in 3 main ways – Looks, they have “appendages” from their body which look like ether weeds or leafs (hence the two types) – They have no pouch for rearing the young (the male carries them in his tail) – Their tail does not coil up or grab objects (prehensile) Seadragons swim by the same method as seahorses, that is by the rapid movement of their ventral and dorsal fins (on their neck and back.independent of each other
    They have no teeth or stomach.
    Leafy Seadragons have a maximum length of 35 cm and Weedy Seadragons have a maximum length of 45 cm
    The leafy Seadragon is usually green gold and orange with appendages that look like leaves click for info on pic (good for camouflage) and is generally more ornate than the weedy Seadragon
    The Weedy Seadragon has a longer thinner snout than the leafy sea dragon and bright blue bands are found along its upper body
    The Leafy Seadragons scientific name is Phycodurus eques
    The Weedy (Common) Seadragon scientific name is Phyllopteryx taeniolatus

    Reply
  31. yemi&rihana

    General
    This sun-loving lizard (Frilled Lizard) is the reptile emblem of Australia, depicted on our now defunct two-cent coin This reptile is part of the Dragon family a sub-species of Lizards They are usually active during the day and move very fast on their two hind legs

    Description
    Head and Body Length: to 28cm Total Overall Length: usually 70 cm but up to 95cm
    The colour of the lizard matches the land on which it lives, so a frilled lizard from one region may be brighter than another. The male is more colourful than the female They are not poisonous or harmful to man

    Reply
  32. libbie

    Food
    Eastern Snake necked turtles are carnivorous (meat eaters).
    They feed on such animals as insects, worms, tadpoles, frogs, yabbies, small fish, crustaceans etc By holding its neck sideways it gets close enough, that when it straightens out and extends its neck it can capture its prey (striking like a snake) Larger prey is broken up by the powerful claws on its front feet

    Breeding
    The female turtle lays her eggs (anywhere from 4 up to 2 dozen), in the bank of their aquatic habitat, well above the waterline, burying them in soil, by using their hind feet and the weight of dropping the rear of their body weight onto the soil.
    The eggs are long, pointy and hard shelled. Approximately 3 to 5 months later the hatchlings emerge usually after rain has soften the soil above the nesting chamber, and scuttle to the water under the safety of darkness Their colourings differ from the adults by having a red or orange underbelly (plastron) Females may have 1 to 3 clutches a year

    Reply
  33. ufumwen

    About 8 inches long the Turquoisine Grass Parrot has a blue head and wings red wing bars, green upper parts and bright yellow under parts. The female Turquoisine Grass Parrot is not so brightly coloured as the males and have no wing bars.

    Reply
  34. Abeesha

    The shy Platypus can only be found in Eastern Australia,where they live near rivers,freshwater lakes where burrows can be dug.The best streams are the ones that are strong enough for building their deep burrows,and often these banks overhang the river.During the day, a platypus often hangs in this burrow,but it may spend a couple hours near the entrance to it’s burrow,basking in the sun and grooming it’s dense fur.

    Reply
  35. riley

    DIFFERENCE TO FISH

    GWS are fish, but unlike most fish do not have bones but rather a “cartilaginous skeleton” 2 other differences are their scales which are not smooth and oily like most fish but very rough like glasspaper, and their gills (gill slits) which are not covered like most fish but are open

    Reply
  36. gracie

    Koalas are usually ash grey with a white chest and the males are larger than females Thick fur, fluffy ears and a broad flat nose

    Reply
  37. Clair Whittaker

    Wow Team 5, I am really impressed with all the information and facts that you have found out about Australia.
    I have a friend, who I went to university with, that now lives in Australia. I will ask her if she will write a post on your blog.
    Keep up the good work,
    Mrs Whittaker x. :o)

    Reply
  38. Matt

    Hello Team 5,

    This blog is really good, I have really enjoyed reading your comments. My name is Matt and I am a teacher, but I don’t live in England or Australia. I live in a country called Saudi Arabia in a city called Dhahran. Saudi Arabia is very, very hot! Today it’s 41c. The sun is very strong here, so I always wear cool clothes and lots of suncream and I drink lots of water. Saudi Arabia is a desert country. There are only a few trees and plants in Saudi Arabia but there is lots of sand. Saudi Arabia is bigger than the UK, but it isn’t as big as Australia. Saudi Arabia is smaller than Australia, but more people live in Saudi Arabia than in Australia. There aren’t any koalas or kangaroos in Saudi Arabia but there are lots of camels.

    Can you find Saudi Arabia on a map?

    Bye!

    Reply
  39. Vicki Isaacs

    Hi
    I have enjoyed reading all about the Australian animals you have been researching.
    I moved to the Sunshine Coast, Queensland Australia 11 years ago and have now seen many of the animals you have been looking at.
    When I drive home from work I have to be careful that a kangaroo doesn’t jump out in front of the car and when at the local University you often have to wait for a mob of kangaroo’s to hop past before crossing the grassed areas!
    I hope you all enjoy this topic.
    Vicki

    Reply
  40. Kate Cochrane

    Wow Team 5, now that I’ve moved to Hong Kong I’m only a short flight from Australia and all your wonderful facts have encouraged me to take the plunge and plan my visit there next year. I hope I see everything you’ve described.

    My name is Kate and I’m a teacher at British School in Hong Kong. Hong Kong is not a lot like Australia. It’s full of very tall buildings and many people live in a very small area. There are not a lot of open spaces. The weather here is almost always hot and humid, with regular torrential rain. The people here are very friendly and it’s a busy, metropolitan place to visit!

    Enjoy your topic! I have.

    Reply
  41. Abeesha

    I found out about the koala bear isn’t actually a species of bear and the only koala bears that are dangerous is a boy when it’s fighting for a girl koala bear!

    Reply

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